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Posts from 2016-11-26

НАДЕВАТЬ и ОДЕВАТЬ - the Russian words that can cause grammatical butt-hurt

There 2 similar words: НАДЕВАТЬ - to wear, and ОДЕВАТЬ - to dress. Many native speakers of Russian, would even say that most of native speakers use them grammatically incorrect, and I have to admit that I do it too. НАДЕВАТЬ is used as "to dress" and ОДЕВАТЬ is used as "to wear". In English these words are different, but in Russian are quite similar.

So, what is correct and what is incorrect? Let's see the examples:

НАДЕНЬ ШАПКУ - wear a cap!  - grammatically correct

ОДЕНЬ ШАПКУ - dress a cap! - grammatically incorrect

However, НАДЕНЬ ШАПКУ and ОДЕНЬ ШАПКУ always have the same sense - wear a cap!

And this tiny grammatical trick often causes a butt-hurt from radical linguists and gramatic scholars. One can meet agressive callings to ban and punish everybody who use these words incorrect (but I suppose they do it too and don't notice). However many people say as they want and don't think about it at all, and to be honest, it doesn't discredit. Anyway, it will not change anything, the grammar rules will rather be changed to actual condition of the languge than "illiterate speech" will be restricted!

Well, not all "grammatically incorrect" things are "colloquially incorrect" too. Language is being changed every year and every day. Hundred years ago there were words that one doesn't use anymore. Accept it or not - a ersonal decidion.

odet and nadet in russian language

10 words = 1000 phrases! Do you really need to know thousands of words to speak Russian?

Did you know, that knowing just 10 words gives you an opportunity to make 1000+ phrases?

Let’s select 10 words, and let’s suppose that we can use any of these words as many times as we need in a sentence. And, we also can use all prepositions, question words and the verb БЫТЬ - “to be” apart from these 10 words, because prepositions, question words and “to be” connect everything in a language.

Let’s consider an example.

САМОЛЁТ, ДОРОГА, МАШИНА, ЖЕНЩИНА, КНИГА, БОЛЬШОЙ, БЫСТРЫЙ, ТЕЛЕФОН, ПОКУПАТЬ, СМОТРЕТЬ

And let’s build phrases:

Самолёт был большой и женщина на машине купила телефон и книгу и смотрела на дорогу  The airplane was big and the woman in car bought a phone and a book and looked at the road

Самолёт быстрее чм машина, но женщина смотрела на машину в книге An airplane is faster than a car, but the woman looked at the car in the book.

Машина была большая но самолёт был быстрым The car is big but the airplane is fast.

Женщина купила телефон и смотрела на машину и большой самолёт The woman bought a phone and looked at the car and big airplane.

Some of these sentences look like nonsense, but this is just an exercise, and there is place for “grammatically correct nonsense” used for training. And you can make hundreds and thousands of phrases knowing just these 10 words and  using them with prepositions with question words and the verb “to be”. It is a good way to improve sentence building skills, skills of declension by cases, genders, plural/singular(depending of a language), conjugation of verbs. And also it will help to memorize these 10 words that you selected.

From the book How to learn any language as fast as possible