Have you ever though about learning another slavic languages or just were interested in them? As a native speaker of Russian language I would like to write a review about slavic language group.

Firs of all, which language are in

slavic group? Russian, Ukrainian, Belorusian, Rusyn, Polish, Slovakian, Czech, Serbian, Bosnian, Croatian, Slovenian, Montenegrin, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Church-slavonic.

Speakers - more than 400 million people.

Slavic languages use different writing systems and alphabets.

These languages cyrillic alphabet: Russian, Ukrainian, Belorusian, Rusyn, Macedonian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Bulgarian, Church Slavonic. And each of them also has own writing characters.

These languages use latin alphabet, also with own writing characters: Polish, Czech, Slovakian, Slovenian, Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin also with own writing characters.

If you noticed, some languages were mentioned in both lists, they are Sebian, Bosnian, Montenegrin use both writing systems.

Here is a review about similarity: Russian, Belorusian, Rusyn native speakers understand each other easily, Ukrainian - sometimes easy, sometimes not very easy to understand. Each of them has similar grammar constructions, like they all don't use "to be" in present tense and have the same construction for using "to have".

What is Rusyn language? This is a language of small ethnic group mostly spoken in west Ukraine, Slovakia, Serbia and other countries There are about 80000 native speakers.

Polish - this language is complicatedly understood by a Russian native speaker, it also has another grammar constructions. One can understand most of written words easier than spoken if one knows rules of reading. Polish as all languages that are listed before already uses "to be" in present tense and doesn't have special construction for "to have", it just uses a verb for it. Also this language has special but easy rules of reading, for example name of the city Szczecin in Polish sounds as "Shchechin". And, Polish is known by having plenty of hissing sounds, especially Silesian dialect.

Czech, Slovakian - these languages are mostly not understood by ears of native speaker of Russian, but one can guess about meaning of written words. Native speakers of Czech and Slovakian easily understand each other. Also, Czech language has some words that soun the same in Russian language but have opposite meaning, for example "ужасный"(užasny) means "horrible" in Russian, and "Beutiful" in Czech. Czech and Slovakian have many often use similar words with Polish, but polish and czech people told me that they don't understand each other. Czech language is known by having too many consonants in words, for example "zmrzlina" - icekream, and city Brno.

Serbian, Croatian, Montenegrin are also very close to each other, somebody even consider them as dialects. For Russian native speakers they sound not understandable also, but there are aslo many same words. And the same with writing - understandable enough.

Makedonian, Bulgarian - the same with them.

And probably the most difficult to understand for native speaker of Russian is Slovenian language.

Church Slavonic language is used by Orthodox Church in almost all slavic countries. It has special cyrillic writing system with some greek writing characters.

  This is the map of slavic langauges with official status.

I would like to mention, that all slavic languages have a lot of similarities and common words. Native speakers of each of these languages can understand each of these languages good or bad, or a little. Having learnt little Polish and a little Czech I found roots of many russian words, and found that there were grammar constructions that left Russian language but exist in those ones.

Knowing one of slavic languages you can learn another one easier!

 

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